June is National Migraine and Headache Awareness Month (MHAM)

 

migranes imgMigraines are a common and severe type of headache that can last from four hours to several days. The intense throbbing that usually occurs in one area of the head can be accompanied by additional symptoms such as nausea, vomiting and/or sensitivity to light, odors, and sound. These episodes are recurring and are triggered by factors such as stress, anxiety, lack of sleep, diet, environment and hormonal changes. Migraines are experienced more commonly in women than in men, tend to run in families and are thought to have a genetic basis, although the exact cause is not known. It is thought that they occur in approximately 12% of the population. Some people are able to predict when a migraine is soon to occur because they experience an “aura”, a visual disturbance such as seeing flashes of lights, or unusual physical sensations such as “pins and needles”. Other signs that may precede a migraine might be food cravings, mood changes, uncontrollable yawning, or fluid retention. Afterwards, a person may feel exhausted or confused.Migraines are a common and severe type of headache that can last from four hours to several days. The intense throbbing that usually occurs in one area of the head can be accompanied by additional symptoms such as nausea, vomiting and/or sensitivity to light, odors, and sound. These episodes are recurring and are triggered by factors such as stress, anxiety, lack of sleep, diet, environment and hormonal changes. Migraines are experienced more commonly in women than in men, tend to run in families and are thought to have a genetic basis, although the exact cause is not known. It is thought that they occur in approximately 12% of the population. Some people are able to predict when a migraine is soon to occur because they experience an “aura”, a visual disturbance such as seeing flashes of lights, or unusual physical sensations such as “pins and needles”. Other signs that may precede a migraine might be food cravings, mood changes, uncontrollable yawning, or fluid retention. Afterwards, a person may feel exhausted or confused.


Migraines are typically diagnosed by physical exam, symptoms and health history. It is important to rule out other medical conditions that could be causing the symptoms.

Although there is no current cure for migraines, there are effective treatments that can help reduce the number of attacks and severity of symptoms. These include certain medications, and incorporating lifestyle changes and stress management strategies. Keeping a personal log of migraine triggers and behavioral changes such as exercise, relaxation, diet, hydration, and sleep can provide helpful information for the prevention of attacks. If overweight or obese, weight loss can also be effective.

When a person does experience a migraine, it is recommended that symptomatic treatments are started as soon as possible for more effective relief. Talk with your healthcare provider about safe and effective recommendations. For the PCHC Health Promotion Activity Plan (HPAP) please go to: https://www.pchc.org/images/PDFs/HPAPs/Migraines.pdf

References:

https://medlineplus.gov/migraine.html

https://www.acponline.org/system/files/documents/patients_families/products/facts/migraine.pdf

https://americanmigrainefoundation.org/resource-library/