Coronary Artery Disease
Coronary heart disease (CHD) also known as Coronary artery disease (CAD) is the most common type of heart disease. It is the leading cause of death in the United States in both men and women.
CAD happens when the arteries that supply blood to the heart become hardened and narrowed. This is due to the buildup of cholesterol and other material, called plaque, on the inner walls of the arteries. When plaque builds up in the arteries, the condition is called atherosclerosis (illustrated below):
A common symptom of CAD is angina. Angina is chest pain or discomfort that occurs if an area of your heart does not get enough oxygen-rich blood. One risk factor for CAD is high blood pressure (hypertension). The new guidelines (2017) state that a normal blood pressure is under 120/80. Stage 1 high blood pressure (a diagnosis of hypertension) is now between 130 and 139 systolic (the top number) or between 80 and 89 diastolic (the bottom number).
It is important to remember that healthy lifestyle changes can make a difference in controlling high blood pressure. Small daily steps such as following a healthy diet, being physically active, and maintaining a healthy weight are good preventative actions against CAD.
Click here to access our HPAP for Coronary Artery Disease.
For more information, go to the National Heart, Blood and Lung Institute.