Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD)
Autism Spectrum Disorder, or ASD, is the name of a group of developmental disorders that can cause a wide range, “a spectrum,” of symptoms, skills and challenges. People with ASD can have difficulty communicating and interacting with others. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), 1 in 68 children have been identified with some form of ASD.
Other characteristics may include:
- Repetitive behaviors as well as limited interests or activities
- Rarely sharing enjoyment of objects
- Responding in an unusual way when others show anger, distress or affection.
Diagnosing ASD in adults is not easy as some ASD symptoms may overlap with symptoms of an intellectual disability. However helping a person to get a correct diagnosis of ASD can help a person understand past difficulties, identify strengths and get the right type of support.
Treatments and Therapies
- Record meetings with health care providers
- Keep copies of doctor’s reports and evaluations
- Join local autism advocacy groups in your area
- Talk with your doctor about how to find an ASD ‘expert’ who can help the individual with ASD and their caregivers learn about options, planning decisions, and reduce stress
Medication may be able to help people with ASD have fewer problems with:
- Irritability and aggression
- Repetitive behavior
- Hyperactivity and attention problems
- Anxiety and depression
For more information click here to see the ASD Health Promotion Activity Plan (HPAP):
Source: National Institute of Health Autism Spectrum Disorder